Thermodynamics does not consider mechanisms of processes and phenomena, and this is its drawback. The advantage of thermodynamical theory consists in its ability to study the structure transformation of systems in the course of their evolution. The tendency of the evolution of a system on the chemical and supramolecular levels can be revealed regardless of the “surprisingly inconceivable” complexity of the structure of chromatine, organelles, cells, and any other biological objects. The model presented in the book confirms that thermodynamic laws can be applied to any local volume of supramolecular structures and, generally, to any macroscopic volume of the biomass.
There are grounds to suppose that results presented in the book will stimulate further research. There will be further studies aimed at obtaining new evidence that the second law can be applied to the explanation of the evolution of biological and other natural systems. Studying the world requires general methods. I hope that the macrothermodynamic method is one of them.