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Hierarchical thermodynamics – general theory of existence and living world development


HomepageINSTITUTE of Physico-Chemical Problems of EvolutionBiological Evolution and AgingHierarchical thermodynamics – general theory of existence and living world development

Hierarchical thermodynamics – general theory of existence and living world development

Georgi Gladyshev

Report dedicated to 70th Birthday of Professor Gladyshev, 19 Sept. 2006 , Alma-Ata ( Kazakhstan , were he was born), National Technical University and National University of Kazakhstan (in Russian, Abstract in English)

Abstract

Hierarchical thermodynamics – general theory of existence and living world development

In this article (report) are included some author's works and dedications in the field of quasi-equilibrium hierarchical thermodynamics of quasi-closed systems of our real world. The hierarchical thermodynamics is a general approximate theory which may be applied to any systems that are characterized by the functions of states. These functions have full differentials and, to within a good approximation, at any moment of time, in quasi-closed monohierarchical systems have a real physical meaning, i.e. a quantitative sense.

The hierarchical thermodynamics is a linear kinetic thermodynamics of near to equilibrium systems in which variations in the functions of state over time occur.

The hierarchical thermodynamics was created on the 19 th century foundation of the exact physicochemical theories of J.W.Gibbs. Hierarchical thermodynamics is a further development of Gibbsian theory and to within a known approximation is applied to systems of all temporal (structural) hierarchies of real world.

Especial interest is the application of hierarchical thermodynamics to living systems which, as before believed, could not be investigated by Gibbsian methods. The reason of this was the statement that natural biological systems are open and that these systems are, allegedly, far from an equilibrium state.

However, recently, the law of temporal hierarchies was formulated. This law substantiates the possibility of identifying, or discerning, quasi-closed monohierarchical systems or subsystems within open polyhierarchical biological systems. It was also established, as a rule, that the processes of evolution in living natural systems are quasi-equilibrium processes. It was shown that models of living systems are analogues of models of equilibrium or quasi-equilibrium chromatographic columns. The author of this article substantiates the view that hierarchical thermodynamics is a necessary key theory for all branches of science.

See details: Full text in Russian


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