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Physical Chemistry of Evolution of Planetary Systems


HomepageINSTITUTE of Physico-Chemical Problems of EvolutionPhysical Chemistry of Evolution of Planetary Systems

9 main rings of Uranus
The rings around Neptune


The Uranus’ and Neptune’s Rings were predicted
in February 1977!
Physical Chemistry of Evolution of
Planetary Systems
The planetary systems (Solar system) formation model has been proposed for gravitation and magneto-hydrodynamics effects, as well as physico-chemical ones. These effects cause spatially-periodic formation of condensation matter primary rings (zones) during the creation and evolution of planets and their regular satellites. Attention has been given also to the possibility of spatially-periodic structures being formed in deep strata of comet atmospheres,etc.
References
  1. G.P.Gladyshev, Thermodynamics and Macrokinetics of Natural Hierarchic Processes (in Russian), Nauka, Moscow, 1988.
  2. G.P.Gladyshev,The Role of Physicochemical Processes in Formation of Planetary Systems (in Russian), IKhF AN USSR, Chernogolovka, February, 1977. - Abstract
  3. Moon and Planets, vol. 18, No 2, pp. 217-221, 1978.
  4. G.P.Gladyshev, Ibid., vol. 19, No 1, pp. 89-98, 1978.
  5. G.P.Gladyshev and V.P.Budtov, Ibid., vol. 25, No 4, pp. 413-425, 1981.
  6. G.P.Gladyshev and D.Kh.Kitaeva, Some Problems in Chemical Evolution of Matter in Space, Zhurnal Vses. Khim. Ob-va im D.I.Mendeleeva, vol. 35, No 5, pp. 625-631, 1990 (in English).

  7. Unusual spatially-periodic structures of Comet Hale-Bopp

    During the last decades, an opinion has widely spread that the appearance of spatially-periodic structures of comet is connected only with the rotation of its nucleus. However, some yeas ago the planetary system formation model has been proposed with provision for gravitational and magneto-hydrodynamical effects, as well as physico-chemical ones (1-3). These effects cause spatially-periodic formation of condened matter primary rings (zones) during the creation and evolution of planets and their regular satellites. Explanation has been given also to the possibility of spatially-periodic structures being formed in deep strata of comet atmospheres. The existence of rings around Uranus and Neptune have was predicted and the parameters of possible comet's structures were calculated. The parameters of spatially-periodic structures of the comet Hale-Bopp (4) correspond to the calculated values. The position of the comet, where the effect of structure formation can be appeared, correspond to the mechanism of the phenomena (2-3). Rapid melting and evaporation or sublimation of the comet's matter begins at some distance from the Sun, and then it expands adiabatically. Adiabatic expansion is accompanied by cooling of the gas; the latter is supercooled in this case and then is condensed. Published relation for the adiabatic process were used to estimate the characteristic dimensions of material condensation zones. The condensation takes place on "the background" of magneto-hydrodynamical flow of the comet's matter, which is accelerated by the light's pressure. Discovery of spatially-periodical structures of the comet Hale-Bopp confirm to the physico-chemical mechanism of the formation spatially-periodic structures in Space.

    References
    1. G.P. Gladyshev, Moon and Planets, 18, No. 2, 217 (1978); Preprint, Institute of Chemical Physics, February, 1977.
    2. G.P.Gladyshev, Thermodynamics and Macrokinetics of Natural Hierarchical Processes, M.: Nauka Publ., 288 p. (1988).
    3. http://www.endeav.org/evolut/ .
    4. G.Kronk, http://medicine.wustl.edu/~kronkg/hbgkdraw.html
    5. M.Gavin, http://www.webbsociety.org/observers/mgavin/

    Spatially-Periodic Structures in Atmosphere

    The formation of these structures is caused by contact of relatively warm and cold air flows.
    The mechanism of generation of such structures in atmosphere (in cloud system) is closely related to the formation of zones of supersaturated water vapor and to its condensation or desublimation. The mechanism of this process is similar to the mechanism of formation of structures of some minerals (e.g. agates), structures of Boyle and Lisegang, planetary and satellite rings, comets, and of many other periodic structures in atomic, molecular, cellular, populational, ecological, planetary, and other systems. This is the phenomenon of thermodynamic self-organization (self-assembling) of systems with different hierarchies, that can often be in the state close to equilibrium. The thermodynamic self-organization can be studied by methods of hierarchical thermodynamics (thermostatics).

    References

    G.P.Gladyshev, Thermodynamics and Macrokinetics of Natural Hierarchic Processes (in Russian), Nauka, Moscow, 1988.




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